Own business: hosting company
Industrial society was replaced by post-industrial or, as it is also called, informational. The modern world is impossible without high-speed transmission of information, pigeon mail has sunk into oblivion, having been replaced by postal operators, which are already being supplanted by e-mail. The Internet is especially important today, fifteen years ago it was a luxury, and now it is an irreplaceable part of life.
Many enterprises start working on the Internet, finding partners or customers through it, the possibility of fast communication and access to information databases is no longer an advantage, but a necessity. More and more companies are creating their websites, and all the databases for the company need to be stored somewhere. It is simply unprofitable to acquire your own server and keep the staff of the harsh masters of the IT sphere – programmers; the server and its service personnel need a place and a constant investment of funds. However, without an established communication network, it is very difficult to work; in addition to accessing the worldwide network, employees should also be able to communicate with each other in real time without leaving their workplaces, which forces the company owner to organize an information system using third-party organizations. The whole complex of works and undertakes the hosting company.
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But it should be noted that the hosting company services are interesting not only for commercial organizations. Hosting is the provision of server space, personal data storage, which 24 hours 7 days a week is connected to the world wide web. Since the server is a rather cumbersome thing, difficult to maintain, consumes relatively a lot of electricity and at the same time is expensive, even many medium-sized companies, not to mention small firms and, moreover, ordinary citizens who want to have your own website. The hosting company offers to use a place on its server for a certain fee, on which you can place any suitable information. But within the law, of course, because information security is the responsibility of the hosting company, which it must comply with, up to and including cooperation with law enforcement agencies.
In order not to get confused in terms, you need to know that the server in this case is hardware (hardware, real aggregate), and hosting is a service for providing information space on the server. As a rule, the hosting company can offer the following:
Colocation. The service of placing the physical equipment of the client or its provider on its territory – in the data center.
Dedicated server, including virtual. That is, the user is allocated one physical machine, in the case of a virtual dedicated server, this process is emulated by computer technology.
Virtual hosting is the exact opposite of the previous point, since here web sites are located on the same web server, but are processed by the same software. The most economical type of service.
Software as a Service (SaaS) – development of software that is sold to a customer for use via the Internet. At the same time, the client is deprived of the need to install software in his home, all work in the application also takes place via the Internet.
Data storage and evolving cloud storage. As the name implies, a dedicated area for storing customer information to which it has access. The second type of service can still process information.
Domain Name Registration. Basically, this is an additional type of service, but most hosting companies deal with this issue for a client, which is convenient for solving the problem of creating a website through one firm.
The hoster is also often asked for the possibility of hosting a game or mail server. Yes, and will have to cooperate not only with legal entities, but also with individuals, which certainly will not need much space. But you need to understand the difference between the host and the provider, the latter provides access to the network, and the first only places the information. Internet providers are often engaged in hosting, but for them it will be an additional type of service.
In general, hosting company services can be performed in several formats, and the simplest of them is reselling (“reselling”). It involves the sale of seats on a foreign server, that is, the entrepreneur here acts as an intermediary, while often acting under his own name and brand, but in fact not having the equipment, but only contracts with hosting providers. Reselling activity is a search for a client, a kind of agency sales activity, the reseller sets the price for his services (but part of the cost, of course, is given to the real hoster), negotiates with clients, but is limited in capabilities, since he cannot manage the facilities, Yes, and change the configuration of the equipment will not give him.